A Comprehensive Curriculum of Segregation

Together, our Citizen’s Guide to Segregation and Vocabulary of Redress resources are intended to provide two initial and easy-to-access guides to understanding segregation in your particular neighborhood. Here, we provide two further guides for understanding the issues motivating our work. The first consists of books, documentaries, and podcasts that offer general overviews of the history and ramifications of segregation. The second consists of a selection of articles, podcasts, videos, and web pages that provide more in-depth learning about individual topics related to redress, segregation, and the terms found in our vocabulary list. 

Comprehensive Curriculum

Other videos:

Poverty, Politics, and Profit (2017)

Jim Crow of the North (2018)

Owned: A Tale of Two Americas (2018)

Podcasts on Segregation:

A Forgotten History of How the U.S. Government Segregated America” by NPR’s Fresh Air (2017). 

House Rules” by This American Life (2013).

Location! Location! Location!” by NPR’s CodeSwitch (2018). 

There Goes the Neighborhood by WNYC Studios (2016-2019).

School Colors by Brooklyn Deep (2019).

The Hard Truth of Housing” by Axios Today (2020).

Housing’s Racial History” by Land Matters (2020).

In Black and White: How Racial Segregation in Housing Shaped Cities” by The Columbus Dispatch (2021).

A Tale of Two Cities” by Ways & Means (2021).SOLD OUT: Rethinking Housing in America by KQED (2020-2021).

Books on Segregation:

Mehrsa Baradaran, The Color of Money (2017).

Jeannine Bell, Hate Thy Neighbor (2013).

Dorothy A. Brown, The Whiteness of Wealth (2021).

Sheryll Cashin, White Space, Black Hood (2021). 

Matthew Desmond, Evicted (2016). 

Lance Freeman, A Haven and a Hell (2019). 

David M.P. Freund, Colored Property (2007).

Elizabeth Hinton, From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime (2016).

Douglas S. Massey and Nancy A. Denton, American Apartheid (1993). 

Heather McGhee, The Sum of Us (2021).

Andre M. Perry, Know Your Price (2020).

Richard Rothstein, The Color of Law (2017).

Patrick Sharkey, Stuck in Place (2013). 

Gene Slater, Freedom to Discriminate (2021).Keeanga Yamahtta-Taylor, Race for Profit (2019).

A History of Segregation to the Present

  1. ProPublica, “Their Family Bought Land One Generation After Slavery” (2019). Article.
  2. The Nation, “African Americans Have Lost Untold Acres of Land Over the Last Century” (2017). Article.
  3. New York Times, “Black People’s Land Was Stolen” (2019). Article.
  4. Atlantic Magazine, “The Mississippi Delta’s History of Black Land Theft” (2019). Article
  5. NPR’s Planet Money, “How Jacob Loud’s Land Was Lost” (2021). Podcast.

  1. The Century Foundation, “The Ugly History of Single-Family Zoning Resurfaces” (2020). Article
  2. Slate, “The Most Important Housing Reform in America Has to Come to the South” (2017). Article. 
  3. Vox, “America’s Racist Housing Rules Really Can Be Fixed” (2021). Article.
  4. National Bureau of Economic Research, “Zoning and Segregation in Urban Economic History” (2021). Working Paper
  5. KQED’s SOLD OUT: Rethinking Housing in America, “The Racist History of Single-Family Home Zoning” (2020). Podcast.

  1. New York Times, “What the Tulsa Race Massacre Destroyed” (2021). Article.
  2. Chicago Magazine, “How White Housing Riots Shaped Chicago” (2015). Article.
  3. Urban Milwaukee, “Risking Their Lives for Fair Housing” (2017). Article
  4. National Bureau for Economic Research, “Racial Segregation and Southern Lynching” (2017). Working Paper.
  5. Michigan Radio’s Stateside, “1943 Race Riots Paved the Way for Detroit’s Civil Rights Movement” (2018). Podcast.

  1. NPR’s Morning Edition, “Racial Covenants, A Relic of the Past, Are Still on the Books Across the Country” (2021). Podcast
  2. New York Times, “Is There Racism in the Deed to Your Home?” (2021). Article.
  3. University of Minnesota, “Mapping Prejudice.” Website
  4. University of Washington, “Racial Restrictive Covenants Project.” Website
  5. University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, “Racially Restrictive Covenants: The Making of All-White Suburbs in Milwaukee County” (1979). Research Report

  1. FiveThirtyEight, “The Lasting Legacy of Redlining” (2022). Article
  2. History, “How a New Deal Housing Program Enforced Segregation” (2021). Article.
  3. NPR’s Fresh Air, “A ‘Forgotten History’ of How the U.S. Government Segregated America” (2017). Podcast
  4. University of Richmond, “Mapping Inequality: Redlining in New Deal America.” Interactive Map.
  5. The Root, “How Redlining Shaped Black America As We Know It” (2019). Video.

  1. Bloomberg CityLab, “What It Looks Like to Reconnect Black Communities Torn Apart By Highways” (2021). Interactive Article. 
  2. Boston Review, “Tearing Down Black America” (2020). Article
  3. University of Richmond, “Renewing Inequality: Urban Renewal, Family Displacements, and Race 1955-1966.” Interactive Map
  4. Segregation By Design. Website
  5. PBS, “City Within a City: When Pretty Soon Runs Out” (1968). Archival video.

  1. Economic Policy Institute, “Race and Public Housing: Revisiting the Federal Role” (2017). Article.
  2. New York Times, “The Rise and Fall of New York Public Housing: An Oral History” (2019). Article
  3. WBEZ’s Reset, “What Cabrini-Green Can Teach Us About Public Housing” (2021). Podcast
  4. PBS, “East Lake Meadows” (2020). Video.
  5. Metropolitics, “The Design-Politics of Public Housing” (2012). Interview

  1. WBEZ, “Contract Buying Robbed Black Families in Chicago of Billions” (2019). Podcast
  2. NPR’s All Things Considered, “How a Predatory Real Estate Practice Changed the Face of Compton” (2021). Podcast
  3. New York Times, “Market for Fixer-Uppers Traps Low-Income Buyers” (2016). Article
  4. Bloomberg CityLab, “How Real Estate Brokers Can Profit from Racial Tipping Points” (2015). Article. 
  5. “Blockbusting in Baltimore” (1970). Archival footage.

  1. USA Today, “The Great Recession Was a Big Step Backward for Black Homeowners” (2018). Article
  2. Shelterforce, “Predatory Lending: Redlining in Reverse” (2005). Article
  3. Bloomberg CityLab, “Redlining Is Alive and Well–and Evolving” (2015). Article.
  4. Economic Policy Institute, “A Comment on Bank of America/Countrywide’s Discriminatory Mortgage Lending and Its Implications for Racial Segregation” (2012). Research article
  5. NPR’s All Things Considered, “Black Homebuyers Today Pay an Unequal Price” (2021). Podcast.

  1. Bloomberg BusinessWeek, “The National Association of Realtors Is Sorry About All the Discrimination” (2021). Article
  2. NextAdvisor, “How to Identify and Combat Racial Steering in Real Estate” (2021). Article
  3. Bloomberg CityLab, “A Progressive Real Estate Firm Faces Accusations of Discrimination” (2022). Article
  4. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, “Housing Discrimination Against Racial and Ethnic Minorities” (2012). Government Report
  5. This American Life, “House Rules” (2013). Podcast.

The Effects of Segregation

  1. Forbes, “Redlining’s Legacy of Inequality” (2020). Article.
  2. Atlantic Magazine, “The Case for Reparations” (2014). Article.
  3. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, “Wealth Gaps Between White, Black and Hispanic Families in 2019” (2021). Article and charts.
  4. Netflix’s Explained, “The Racial Wealth Gap” (2020). Video.
  5. NPR’s Planet Money, “Rethinking Black Wealth” (2020). Podcast.

  1. Mother Jones, “Foreclosures Are Fueling America’s Wealth Gap” (2021). Article
  2. Washington Post, “Lingering Impact of Foreclosure Crisis Felt Most in Hispanic and Black Communities, Study Says” (2019). Article
  3. Eviction Lab, “Racial and Gender Disparities among Evicted Americans” (2020). Research report. 
  4. WNYC, “Corporate Landlords Evict Black Renters at Far Higher Rates Than Whites, Report Finds” (2021). Podcast.  
  5. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, “Foreclosures and Neighborhoods: The Shape and Impact of the U.S. Mortgage Crisis” (2016). Research essay

  1. New York Times, “Detailed Maps Show How Neighborhoods Shape Children for Life” (2018). Article
  2. The Century Foundation, “Attacking the Black-White Opportunity Gap That Comes from Residential Segregation” (2019). Article
  3. Pew Charitable Trusts, “Mobility and the Metropolis” (2013). Research Report
  4. Vox, “Does My Neighborhood Determine My Future?” (2021). Video.

  1. NPR’s Shots, “In U.S. Cities, the Health Effects of Past Housing Discrimination Are Plain to See” (2020). Podcast
  2. Scientific American, “Past Racist ‘Redlining’ Practices Increased Climate Burden on Minority Neighborhoods” (2020). Article
  3. New York Times, “How Air Pollution Across America Reflects Racist Policy from the 1930s” (2022). Article
  4. Poverty & Race Research Action Council, “Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation as a Root Social Determinant of Public Health and Health Inequity: A Persistent Public Health Challenge in the United States” (2017). Research Report
  5. Nature: Pediatric Research, “The Color of Health: How Racism, Segregation, and Inequality Affect the Health and Well-Being of Preterm Infants and Their Families” (2020). Research Article.

  1. ArcGIS Story Maps, “The American System: How Police Enforce Segregation” (2019). Interactive article
  2. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, “In One of America’s Most Segregated Cities, There’s Unequal Violence and Unequal Justice” (2019). Article
  3. PBS’s Frontline, “Todd Clear: Why America’s Mass Incarceration Experiment Failed” (2014). Article
  4. Prison Policy Initiative, “Research Roundup: Violent Crimes Against Black and Latinx People Receive Less Coverage and Less Justice” (2021). Article.
  5. New York University Law Review, “Anti Segregation Policing” (2020). Research Article.

  1. New York Times, “Choosing a School for My Daughter in a Segregated City” (2016). Article
  2. Housing Matters, “Why Does Segregation Between School Districts Matter for Educational Equity?” (2021). Article.
  3. Newsweek, “School Segregation in America Is as Bad Today as It Was in the 1960s” (2018). Article
  4. Center for American Progress, “Isolated and Segregated” (2017). Research Report
  5. NPR’s CodeSwitch, “A Tale of Two School Districts” (2019). Podcast.

  1. Brookings Institution, “The Devaluation of Assets in Black Neighborhoods: The Case of Residential Property” (2018). Research Report
  2. CNN Business, “Homes in Black Neighborhoods Are Undervalued by $46,000 on Average” (2021). Article
  3. Washington Post, “The Housing Market Is Booming but Remains Deeply Unequal” (2021). Article
  4. Marketplace, “Racial Gaps in Appraisals Devalues Homes Owned by People of Color” (2021). Podcast.

  1. Governing, “Why Black Neighborhoods Continue to Struggle” (2021). Article
  2. New York Times, “How the Real Estate Boom Left Black Neighborhoods Behind” (2021). Article
  3. Urban Institute, “Disinvestment in Baltimore’s Black Neighborhoods Is Foreboding but Reversible” (2020). Article
  4. ProPublica, “Disinvested: How Government and Private Industry Let the Main Street of a Black Neighborhood Crumble” (2020). Article
  5. National Community Reinvestment Coalition, “Disinvestment, Discouragement, and Inequity in Small Business Lending” (2019). Research Report.

  1. Planetizen, “What Is Displacement?” Encyclopedia article
  2. Bloomberg CityLab, “Small Businesses Are Victims of Gentrification, Too” (2021). Article
  3. Next City, “The Atlanta BeltLine Wants to Prevent Displacement of Longtime Residents. Is It Too Late?” (2021). Article.
  4. New York University, “Diversity Without Displacement” (2019). Research Article.
  5. Off Color: Streets Edition, “Scooters, Weed, and White People: How Gentrification Is Changing the Harlem of the West” (2020). Video.

  1. Bloomberg CityLab, “The High Price of a Divided City” (2017). Article
  2. CNBC, “Racial Inequality Cost the Economy $16 Trillion Over the Last Two Decades, Citi Finds” (2021). Article
  3. New York Times, “Racism Impoverishes the Whole Economy” (2020). Article.
  4. Metropolitan Planning Council and the Urban Institute, “The Cost of Segregation” (2017). Research Report
  5. NPR’s FreshAir, “The ‘Sum of Us’ Examines the Hidden Cost of Racism–To Everyone” (2021). Podcast.

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