Ex: wealthy majority-white suburbs with highly-rated school systems, high-cost majority-white neighborhoods in cities

Exclusionary, high-opportunity communities are flush with opportunities and resources, but make it difficult for low-income people and people of color to access them. Historically, these types of communities established segregation through explicit discrimination like racially-restrictive covenants or racist zoning laws. Current zoning codes or other land use rules that make it difficult or impossible to build more affordable housing types maintain this segregation. Rapid gentrification of previously inclusive and low-opportunity neighborhoods can also result in this type of community if the government makes no effort to preserve affordable housing.


In exclusionary, high-opportunity communities, redress advocates should prioritize policies and programs that remove barriers to entry and create more affordability, such as: